List of examination questions on Public Health

EXAMINATION QUESTIONS ON PUBLIC HEALTH for admission to PhD study

  1. Definition of Public Health as a science.
  2. Present problems of public health and health care in the world.
  3. Determinants of health. Social determinants of health.
  4. Bases of state regulation in the field of public health care.
  5. Health care system. Its components. Subjects of public health care.
  6. Guaranteed volume of free medical care.
  7. State control in health care.
  8. State sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.
  9. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements.
  10. State control in the sphere of circulation of medicines, products medical purpose and medical equipment.
  11. Sources of financial support for the health system.
  12. Types of medical care. (Pre-hospital medical care; Qualified medical assistance; Specialized medical care; Highly specialized medical care; Medical and social assistance; Primary health care; Consulting and diagnostic assistance; Inpatient care; Inpatient care; Emergency care; Sanitary aviation; Medical care in emergency situations; Medical rehabilitation; Palliative care and nursing care)
  13. The organization of primary health care (PHC). General practitioner / family physician in the PHC system.
  14. Morbidity of the population. Types. Their medical and social aspects and methods of study.
  15. Assessment in health care (assessment of quality of medical services; Expertise of temporary disability, military-medical examination; Forensic medical, forensic psychiatric and forensic drug testing, sanitary and epidemiological examination; Examination of drugs, medical devices and equipment, scientific and medical expertise)
  16. Health protection of the population. Guarantees of ensuring civil rights in the field of public health care. Civil rights. Rights of children.
  17. Duties of citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities.
  18. Patients’ rights. Duties of patients.
  19. The right to refuse of medical care. Provision of medical assistance without the consent of citizens.
  20. Medical secrecy.
  21. Health insurance. Types of health insurance programs
  22. Disease Prevention, aims and objectives. Types and their characteristic.
  23. Definition of epidemiology as a science
  24. Epidemiological approach to the study of human diseases.
  25. Teaching about the epidemic process. The origin of infectious diseases and their classification.
  26. Regularities in the formation of an epidemic process. Ways of transmission of infectious diseases
  27. Social and natural factors of the epidemic process.
  28. The main historical milestones in the development of epidemiology
  29. Epidemiological control of infectious diseases. Organization of epidemiological supervision: principles and practice.
  30. The content of antiepidemic activity and the basis of its organization
  31. Immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases. Immunobiological preparations
  32. Hospital epidemiology. Control of nosocomial infections. The relevance and importance of the problem of hospital infections.
  33. Disinfection measures, as one of the directions of antiepidemic activity
  34. Organization of sanitary protection of the territory against the introduction of quarantine and other infectious diseases.
  35. Epidemiological transition. The concept; causes and importance.
  36. Risk factors and etiology, and the socio-economic with the consequences of chronic diseases.
  37. Types of epidemiological studies. Classification.
  38. Clinical epidemiology, definition. Principles of clinical epidemiology.
  39. Types of design of clinical research (parallel, cross, factor and sequential).
  40. Epidemiology of chronic diseases and new public health
  41. Health promotion. Health literacy and activity of the population. The concept of forming a healthy lifestyle.
  42. Health education programs to promote healthy lifestyles for the population. Goals, objectives, implementation mechanisms.
  43. The concept of evidence based medicine (EBM). The world experience of the development of EBM. Four steps in EBM.
  44. A systematic error.
  45. The concept of “systematic review”. Qualitative systematic review.
  46. Database of medical information data DM. Cochrane Library.
  47. The definition of “meta-analysis”. The purpose of the use of meta-analysis.
  48. National clinical guidelines.
  49. Experimental and non-experimental studies. Advantages and disadvantages
  50. Randomized controlled trial (RCT).
  51. What is a blind or double blind study?
  52. Criteria of the effectiveness of treatment.
  53. Principles of organization of medical care for workers.
  54. The organization of periodic and preliminary medical examinations of workers.
  55. Modern classification of industrial poisons and occupational diseases.
  56. Questions of medical and social security in case of occupational diseases.
  57. Legislative and legal basis for combating occupational diseases.
  58. Application of SWOT analysis in the health care system.
  59. Health economics: goals, objectives, methods, main directions.
  60. Health Management: purpose and objectives. Principles of management in accordance with international standards. Management as a process, management cycle.
  61. Basic statistical indicators of the health of the population and their integrated application. ICD-10. Structure and rules of use.
  62. Global health. Present problems of global health.
  63. The concept of international health.
  64. The World Health Organization, structure, founded activities.
  65. Medical demography: basic definitions and concepts. The role and importance of demographic indicators for assessing health status, medical and social well-being and the health system (mortality, fertility and natural growth rates, maternal and infant mortality).
  66. Demographic transition. The concept. Causes.
  67. Maternal and infant mortality. The main causes of maternal and infant mortality in Kyrgyzstan. Protection of motherhood and childhood.
  68. Principles and methods of studying the incidence of the population and its major groups. The types of morbidity adopted in health statistics.
  69. Definition of statistics, as a science, one of the main tools of public health. The concept of medical / health statistics,
  70. Concept of a sample and population in statistics. The concept of distribution of data.
  71. Descriptive and inferential statistics.
  72. Types of sampling.
  73. Principles and approaches to the planning of statistical analysis. Stages of statistical analysis.
  74. Structure and capabilities of the MS Excel and SPSS packages.
  75. Measures of variability of data.
  76. Standard deviation. The definition and meaning, properties and the use in the statistical analysis.
  77. Standard error of the mean. Value, properties and application in statistical analysis.
  78. Table and graphic presentation of the data distribution. Types, concepts and definitions, principles and methods of construction, application in statistical research.
  79. Measures of central tendency. Properties and application.
  80. Parametric and nonparametric method of statistical analysis and criteria (basic concepts and definitions, criteria).
  81. Probability and reliability: definitions and concepts; most сommon methods for determining; their positive and negative sides.
  82. Student’s t-test; the concept, conditions and technique of application.
  83. Correlation: the concept and application.
  84. Regression: the concept and use of equipment.
  85. Analysis of variance: the concept and application.

 

Mainreferences:

 

  1. Public Health and Health Care: Textbook / ed. VA Minyaev, NI Vishnjakov. – 5th ed. And add. – M .:MEDpress-inform, 2009. – 656 p.

Furtherreading:

  1. TH Tulchinsky, Varavikova EA New public health. Introduction to modern science. – Jerusalem, 1999. – S. 669-717.
  2. Wallace / Maxcy-Rosenau-Last. Public Health & Preventive Medicine. – McGraw-Hill, 2008. – p. 55-77, 1267-1284.
  3. Alma Ata conference on primary health care. // WHO Chronicle. 33. №3
  4. Aday L.A., Begley C.E., Slater C.H. Evaluating the medical care system: Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Equity. AnnArbor MI: Health Administration Press, 1993.
  5. Krichagina VI Where, when and who need a family doctor. // Medicine and Health: An overview. , 1989.
  6. Starodubov VI, Kalinin AA ,Shlyafner SI Primary health care: state and development prospects. – M.: Medicine, 2007. – 264 p.